Types and Classification of Faults on Electrical Power Systems

Question: How many types of faults exist on the power system and how they are classified?

Answer: Generally four types of faults exist and are classified into two categories.

Symmetrical faults: They give rise to symmetrical equal currents having a displacement of 120°.

Unsymmetrical faults: They gave rise to unsymmetrical currents having unequal displacements.

List contains:

  1. Line to line to line fault
  2. Line to ground
  3. Line to line
  4. Double line to ground

Types of Fault

Classification

Severity of Fault

3 Line

Symmetrical

Most Dangerous

Line to Line

Unsymmetrical Fault

More Dangerous

Line to Ground

Unsymmetrical Fault

Least Dangerous

Double Line to Ground

Unsymmetrical Fault

Dangerous than Line to Line and Line to Ground Fault

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